More than 63 percent of employees in Germany work longer than expected

More than 63 percent of employees in Germany work longer than expected

More than 63 percent of employees in Germany work longer than expected

When he had not found a new one three months after the initial request, the rent was cut by a considerable proportion, as he described. He and his partner should have filled the gap with money from the standard requirement, which meant that both slipped below the subsistence level. HartzPlus: 250 people live three years without sanctions Hartz IV study: Almost 5,000 people want to take part An interview with an occupational psychologist: "This insecurity makes people sick"

 The HartzPlus study has been investigating what the sanctions mean for those affected and what will change for them if they no longer worry about them. The project is financed by donations and sponsors from the economy. Scientists from the Institute for Corporate Research and Organizational Psychology at the University of Wuppertal carry out regular surveys in the study group and an equally large control group. presented the project in December and accompanies it continuously.

Sources used: own research statistics of the Federal Employment Agency on sanctions (Nov. 2018)

Are the Hartz IV sanctions right or unjust? Ulrich Schneider from the Paritätischer Gesamtverband and Holger Schäfer from the IW will debate the pros and cons in Cologne.

Hartz IV has been in Germany for almost 14 years, and there has been a dispute over unemployment benefit II for almost 14 years. Since then, the sanctions that those affected expect in the event of violations of the Hartz IV rules have been particularly controversial. Should they be abolished, as the SPD left are calling for? Or keep it, as especially voices from the economy warn? 

"HartzPlus": Association creates sanctions for 250 people from Debate about Hartz IV sanctions: "This insecurity makes people sick"

  In a large-scale study investigate the association "Sanction-free" and Wuppertal scientist around Professor Rainer Wieland the effects of the sanctions on those affected. The participants receive all sanctions imposed by the job center reimbursed for three years, so they live virtually sanction-free. Ulrich Schneider, General Manager of the Paritätischer Gesamtverband, and Holger Schäfer, labor market expert at the Institute of German Economy in Cologne, will discuss the pros and cons of what speaks for and what speaks against the abolition of punitive measures.

Ulrich Schneider

Head of the Joint Joint Association


It is time to finally turn your back on the Hartz IV sanctions

Sanctions are a relic of a completely ineffective cane pedagogy. The cane has always been an expression of individual helplessness in a helpless and helpless system. The sanctions are symbolic of the misanthropic image of man that Hartz IV permeated from the services essay

So if we finally get rid of these sanctions, it will be more than a few punitive actions. It’s about realigning a system; towards a real help system that no longer suffocates in bureaucracy, but is based on people and not only on computer input masks and business performance indicators.

We would all benefit from such a system: the long-term unemployed affected and their families, for whom public employment would have to be organized in case of doubt, and the clerks who could be helpful. Ultimately, even all of us, as we experience that there is still something going forward in Germany without getting caught up in the small and small.

Holger Schäfer

Labor market expert at IW Cologne


Society protects itself from exploitation with sanctions

When it comes to sanctions for Hartz IV recipients, the law is clear: Those who receive benefits must cooperate with the job centers in order to end their own need for help. Anyone who does not do this can be subject to sanctions. A breach of duty is, for example, the refusal to take up a job or not keep an agreed appointment in the job center without a valid reason.

Society uses sanctions to protect itself from being exploited by those who do not want to take responsibility for themselves. The reference that a sanction-reduced unemployment benefit II is no longer a living wage must be countered by the fact that the imposition of a sanction can easily be avoided – namely by meeting the legal requirements. Taxpayers are not expected to do anything else. The abolition of the sanctions would also be a license to allow others to finance their livelihoods permanently and without consideration. Very few would find this fair.

Contrary to what some politicians claim, sanctions are by no means counterproductive. The meanwhile quite extensive labor market economics research could prove that sanctioned aid recipients get into work faster. Some people need external impetus to find their way back to an economically self-responsible life: on the one hand, they need support, but on the other hand they also need the knowledge that something is expected of them. Those who want to abolish sanctions leave these people a little more to themselves.

The SPD is fighting its survey crisis not only with a new Hartz IV course for Germany, but also with a social agenda for the EU. 

The SPD wants to mobilize its supporters for the European elections in May with a declaration of war on tax tricksters and extensive social promises. Encouraged by the slightly better poll numbers after their most recent changes in social policy, the Social Democrats have submitted the draft for their election manifesto.

The party wants "a social Europe that invests in the future and in social security"said top candidate Katarina Barley. Looking at the recent disputes with the US over tariffs and the handling of IS fighters, Secretary General Lars Klingbeil said: "You can no longer rely on transatlantic alliances at every point as was the case in the past." The SPD wanted to get people excited about Europe and the most determined opponent of "divisive agitators" will.

The board unanimously approved the draft. A European convention is to approve it on March 23rd. In the European elections in 2014, the party with top candidate Martin Schulz had 27.3 percent – in the election on May 26, it must fear heavy losses. According to values ​​around 15 percent in the Sunday question about the federal election, the SPD climbed in a recent Emnid poll for "Picture on sunday" but for the first time back to 19 percent. In an Infratest dimap poll for the ARD on the European elections, it came to 18 percent.

Core content of the program

"In every place in Europe people should be able to make a living from their hands"said Barley. In the individual EU countries, minimum wages of 60 percent of the median wage should be created, in Germany the lower wage limit should be increased to 12 euros. Fundamental social rights should become binding. There should be minimum tax rates against the race for the lowest corporate taxes. If no international regulation is found beforehand, a digital tax is to be introduced for corporations such as Google, Apple or Amazon from 2021.

Law enforcement against tax evasion is to be improved. Practice yourself with "Cum-Ex" and "Cum-cum"- Creeping advantages of business at the expense of honest taxpayers should be stopped by a special unit like in Great Britain. The SPD promises among other things "Digitization for everyone" and "stronger efforts against global warming".

Party expectations

In the SPD, which has long been in the polls, new hope has recently germinated, because the party was unusually closed in the recent course corrections in Hartz IV and the labor market. The party registered the latest poll with relief. Barley justified her willingness to run for the top candidate with concerns about the "State of my very beloved party" – not without noting that you can find a lot about the SPD in the media, especially during the crisis – but less when things go better.

"I looked for it and found it nowhere – if it goes down it is everywhere." She quickly followed suit, it was just a joke. Leading Social Democrats secretly say that anything between 14 and more than 20 percent is possible in the election.

Comments from the competition

The Greens called on the SPD not only to demand social justice and fair taxes, but also to implement them as the ruling party. "It is very welcome that the SPD is now again debating more about the social question and fair taxation"said party leader Robert Habeck. "It would be even better if she not only purses her lips, but also acts where she can."

Special unit called for: SPD wants to take action against tax fraud Guest contribution by Schwesig and Kühnert: Right to work instead of a basic income

The FDP top candidate for the European elections, Nicola Beer, said: "It is right to ensure fair taxation of companies around the world. This also applies to Amazon, Google and Co." However, there are currently negotiations at the OECD level. "We firmly reject going it alone to unilaterally introduce a digital tax in the EU as a kind of second sales tax"she clarified.

Sources used: dpa news agency

More than 63 percent of employees in Germany work longer than expected. However, only 56 percent of them receive compensation for this. The other 44 percent get nothing. That follows from the "Working time monitor 2015" the remuneration platform.

According to the figures, most employees work between 36 and 40 hours a week according to the employment contract. However, 40.4 percent of them work up to five hours overtime. Another 15.6 percent work five to ten hours more and 3.7 percent even eleven to 15 hours. Another 3.3 percent work longer and work 16 to over 30 hours overtime.

Most of the overtime is done by management consultants who work an average of at least six hours longer than expected each week. But also in restaurants and hotels there is an average of 5.5 hours of overtime per week. The average for all industries is 3.8 hours.

According to the study, older people work more overtime than younger people. While those under the age of 20 work less than 2.4 hours of overtime per week, those between the ages of 50 and 60 often do four to five hours. This is mainly due to more responsibility at higher hierarchical levels, in which older employees can often be found, it said.

Lowest value since 1991: unemployment continues to decline in June "Robust growth": Demand for labor is stronger than ever

More overtime is usually not worth it

Incidentally, a lot of overtime is usually not financially worthwhile. While employees with up to five hours of overtime per week receive compensation in almost half of the cases, this is only the case in 18 percent of employees with 16 to 20 hours of overtime. In particular, the management consultants, who work the most overtime, have the lowest share of those who receive compensation. Only a third of them receive remuneration for the overtime.

The employment agency confirms that a primary school worksheet is used for measures. One affected person speaks of humiliation. The authority justifies itself.

A worksheet caused a stir on Twitter last week: The tweeted photo shows spelling exercises with images that are obviously intended for primary school children. The exercise instructions are also used by the reader. However, the worksheet was not distributed to children in a school, but to adults during a Hartz IV measure. This is what the Twitter user reports:

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Elementary school paper is actually used

According to the Mitteldeutsche Zeitung, the Federal Employment Agency has now confirmed the authenticity of the picture. The worksheet was saved as a "Positioning" It was used to see how good the German language skills of the individual participants were, since the further training was also open to people with poor language skills, according to the Federal Agency. Then the participants were looked after individually according to their knowledge. The origin of the sheet was also guessed correctly: It comes from a material collection for primary school students. 

The Federal Agency stated that the measure was carried out externally by a company. He also selected the dubious material. However, the Lower Saxony state agency has already approached the company and asked to use respectful and appropriate material for adults in the future. 

"However, only the certifying bodies can draw conclusions from poor quality, ”said the employment agency according to the Mitteldeutscher Zeitung. These so-called “expert bodies” checked and approved Hartz IV measures. Only they can intervene if learning material is inappropriately distributed.

SPD Prime Minister Weil: "Hartz IV is largely undisputed"Reform of the reform: what happens if Hartz IV goes?

Education vouchers for Hartz IV

According to the Federal Agency, an education voucher was issued in the above case with which the Hartz IV recipient could take part in further training. An education voucher can be requested from the responsible clerk at the Employment Agency or the job center.

Sources used: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung: Employment agency explains worksheet for Hartz IV recipients Federal Employment Agency: Funding opportunities in professional development

At least 50 million euros: This is the amount of Hartz IV benefits that criminal gangs sneaked into in 2017. It is the first time that the employment agency has published statistics on this.  

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